Plagiarism Prevention 4. Academic library - free online college e textbooks - info{at}ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020. The Staff Viewpoint. This type of organization was followed in the military so this is also called as the military organization. It is based upon planned specialization. (iii) Line officers are slow to accept new ideas and they resist change. An advantage of a line-and-staff organization is the availability of technical specialists. The choice of the organizational structure depends on the size of the firm among other factors. The staff officers do not wield any power in the organisation. Promotional chances increase for deserving persons. When staff Specialists are incorporated into the organization and are placed upon the same (line) Authoritative level as the line executives. Following are some demerits and disadvantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidance to line officers and by this, the enterprise as a whole gets benefit. Disclaimer 9. 6. These are technically qualified persons who provide service to the whole organisation. They refer everything to staff for advice. This hampers smooth operation. Over loading.The executive is overloaded at each level of organization. They may try to dominate the implementation part of their advice. (b) Staff people feel that their advice is not properly implemented by the line personnel. Organizational structure: types of organizational structures (line organizations, line-and-Stuff organizations, committee and matrix organization). The present staff will enable the expansion and growth of unit. Line authority and staff authority conf… Lack of Specialization.Different types of jobs are looked after, supervised and control by executive. (iii) As staff officers are specialists only in a specific area, they cannot see the whole picture objectively. Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. Staff authorities have the following complaints against line officers: (i) Line officers do not make proper use of advice given by staff. 7 main Disadvantages of Line and Staff Organisation (1) Line executives may start referring most of the problems to the staff officers. 5. Above mentioned are a few advantages and disadvantages of staff training, benefits, and the importance of staff training. Simplicity: This system is very simple and can operate very easily. (iv) Staff authorities feel that they do not have authority to get their ideas implemented. They tend to give advice which has not been tested earlier. They trespass their field of activity and enter the area meant for line people. The line officers are spared of routine works and are able to devote much time for planning and execution. They do not consult staff personnel at the planning level where they can make practical suggestions. They may be appointed as Deputy Managers, Assistant Managers, Special Assistants, etc. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. Content Guidelines 2. Lack of Co-ordination: There are several functional experts in the organisation and this may create the problem of coordination. The staff can also be used to investigate and advise on inter-departmental relationships. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers.A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.. The staff officers feel ignored at the hands of line officers. It suggests how the relations are designed between a superior and a subordinate in an organization. A line-and-staff system includes line departments, such as manufacturing and marketing, which are responsible from driving revenue for the company. Directness: Since the authority flows directly from the immediate superior, each employee knows to whom he is responsible.3. 2. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. Conflict amongst Foremen: Under this type, foreman of equal rank will be many in number and this may lead to conflict among them. Personal staff is attached to individual line officers. The paper examined staff welfare and organization s productivity, using Patani Local Government Council in Delta State, Nigeria as a reference. The planning part is generally undertaken by staff personnel and line officers are able to devote much time for execution. 3. So important are both line and staff roles in a large organization that it’s difficult to be an effective leader without having experienced both. Staff experts in specific areas are incorporated into the formal chain of command. There are several things he must manage independently. 1. Advantages of Line Organization. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. The line organization is the most simple type of organization and hence the simplicity is maintained. Staff training is mandatory and can be forced to be conducted in all organizations for the various benefits it brings in. The staff authority is assigned the following functions: It has to discharge the functions such as: It has to help in co-ordination of work among different departments. The staff personnel do not interfere with the executive work of line officers. This may tempt them to give rash or theoretical advice. Line and staff organization has greater flexibility, in the sense that new specialized activities can be added … Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. Content Filtrations 6. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. Hence, it is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns cannot afford it. Following are the disadvantages of functional organization: i. 0 comments: Post a Comment. The advantages are mentioned below. Prohibited Content 3. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. Some assistants can be appointed to cope with the work if needed. The functional managers have the advantage of expert advice when taking important decisions. 2. 2. Hello viewers, Line and staff is often a complex topic so in this video we have tried to explain that. 3. This creates better understanding and discipline among employees. All the complaints of both line and staff personnel are based on lack of understanding. 1. A line organisation has only direct, vertical relationships between different levels in the firm. B. ... advantages, disadvantages and application ". Over-dependence on staff will make line officers less creative. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Thus, this syste… 5. (c) Line officers are not generally enthusiastic about the new ideas suggested by the staff. (iv) Advice given by the staff is not always sound. It is the simplest form of organisation structure and is also known as scalar or military organisation. 2. But the Staff Managers give an indirect contribution by providing advice and expertise on it. They fix routine meetings, open the post, maintain diaries and accompany the boss on official visits. The biggest disadvantage of line organization is that since it is one man show the lack of specialization is clearly visible in such type of organization as each job requires different skill to complete the job effectively and efficiently and one man cannot learn all the skills alone so there will be always that lack of knowledge or specialization in case of line organization. The Line Viewpoint. Line authority flows from top to bottom and the line executive is directly concerned with the accomplishment of primary objectives. These persons help their bosses in every possible way. There are only line… These conflicts are not based on ideologies. This type of organisation is very expensive because a large number of specialists are appointed. The blame for unsuccessful tasks is thrust on line managers even though they act on the advice of the staff. Let us learn in detail about the Line and Staff Organization of a firm. But the authority with the staff managers is less concrete. They resist new things and insist on following the traditions. The line organisation represents the structure in a direct vertical relationship through which authority flows. The staff officers may also not be clear about their exact role. 1. The line organization has the following advantages:1. Privacy Policy 8. Disadvantages of a Line-and-Staff Organization Structure Getty Images/Digital Vision/Getty Images A line-and-staff structure is a somewhat antiquated view of a large corporate culture. Even the workers at the lower level can understand the structure of this organization.2. Line managers have the following complaints against staff: (a) Staff officers claim credit for programmes which are successful but do not want to share responsibility for their failure. (ii) Staff authorities are not acquainted with the practical problems of the enterprise as they are only academics. The line officers become habituated for advice on staff. (d) Staff officers do not have authority to implement their ideas. Specialization: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Existence of too many cross relationships leads to complicity which creates overlapping, confusion and conflicts. Several advantages and disadvantages are present within a line-and-staff organization. Staff authority should be restricted to a purely advisory role. There are more openings for those who have capabilities of going up. With the appointment of staff officers the burden of the officers is greatly reduced. Line and Staff Organization: Line and staff organization is a combination of functional and line structure. They try to persuade the line for implementing whatever they have suggested. Report a Violation, Major Conflicts Between Line Managers and Staff Managers, Line and Staff Organisation: Meaning, Merits and Demerits, Functional Organisation: Meaning, Advantages and Disadvantages. Small and medium concerns cannot afford line and staff organisation because of its expensive nature. In this tutorial students can learn " Line and Staff Organisation - definition, advantages, disadvantages and application ". (d) Though staff officers are well qualified and have good knowledge of their field but try to dominate line officers. Line and staff structure is based on the assumption that both will help and support each other. Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: Disadvantages of Line and Staff Organisation. They should be given authority like line officers in supervising the implementation of their suggestions. Line managers are formal and legitimate authorities, as per the organizational hierarchy of a company. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. They are attached to important functionaries as their deputies, etc. They would save themselves the botheration of giving their own thoughts to the staff opinion. Staff experience can provide a great deal of credibility with colleagues when a manager switches from a staff role to a line role. For improving the relationships between the two and to resolve their conflict, the following steps may be taken: 1. The advice of staff should be realistic and practicable. 7 main Disadvantages of Line and Staff Organisation(1) Line executives may start referring most of the problems to the staff officers. By this method, specialisation is attained. Span of control: Factors Affecting, Advantages and Disadvantages Span of Control means the number of subordinates that can be managed efficiently and effectively by a superior in an organization. The unity of command is maintained in this type of organisation. There will be a lack of co-ordination between line and staff. The separation of functions of ‘planning’ and ‘doing’ also helps in creating more and more job opportunities. 2. 5. 1. Line employees (Managers) directly contribute towards the organizational goals. 4. They emphasize their field of specialization without giving much thought to the overall interest of the company. 2. The conflict between line and staff officials adversely affects the work in the organisation. The routine work of line officers is mostly handled by the personal staff. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. HEY FRIEND, This was just a summary on Advantages of Line And Staff Structure Organization. This staff consists of persons attached to the key executives. The best part of staff training is that the organization and productivity increases. The persons being experts in their fields, they demand higher emoluments. Every company has an organizational structure. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. Both line and staff should try to understand each other's responsibilities and difficulties and try to co-operate with each other for the achievement of enterprise objectives. Thus, this system may encourage carelessness on the part of the staff officer. The specialists help line officers in deciding things regarding their lines of specialization. This type of tendency creates conflict and friction between line and staff officials. 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